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Thursday, February 26, 2015


Louis Kahn 
Louis Isadore Kahn (born Itze-Leib Schmuilowsky) (March 05 February 20 1901] ied – March 17, 1974) was an American architect,] based in Philadelphia. After working in various capacities for several firms in Philadelphia, he founded his own atelier in 1935. While continuing his private practice, he served as a design critic and professor of architecture at Yale School of Architecture from 1947 to 1957. From 1957 to his death, he was a professor of architecture at the School of Design at the university of pennsylvaniaa Kahn created a style that was monumental and monolithic; his heavy buildings do not hide their weight, their materials, or the way they are assembled. Louis Kahn's works are considered as monumental beyond modernism. Famous for his meticulously built works, his provocative proposals that remained unbuilt, and his teaching, Kahn was one of the most influential architects of the twentieth century. He was awarded the AIA Gold Medal and the RIBA Gold Medal. At the time of his death he was considered by some as "America's foremost living architect.


Early life 
Louis Kahn was born into a poor Jewish family in Pärnu formerly in czarist Russia, but now in Estonia. He spent his early childhood in Kuressaare on the island of Saaremaa, then part of the Russian Empire's Livonian Governorate At the age of three, he saw coals in the stove and was captivated by the light of the coal. He put the coal in his apron, which caught on fire and seared his face. He carried these scars for the rest of his life In 1906, his family emigrated to the United States, as they feared that his father would be recalled into the military during the Russo-Japanese War. His birth year may have been inaccurately recorded in the process of immigration. According to his son's 2003 documentary film, the family could not afford pencils. They made their own charcoal sticks from burnt twigs so that Louis could earn a little money from drawings. Later he earned money by playing piano to accompany silent movies in theaters. He became a naturalized citizen on May 15, 1914. His father changed their name to Kahn in 1915.

Kahn trained at the University of Pennsylvania in a rigorous Beaux-Arts tradition, with its emphasis on drawing. After completing his Bachelor of Architecture in 1924, Kahn worked as senior draftsman in the office of the city architect, John Molitor. He worked on the designs for the 1926 Sesquicentennial Exposition. In 1928, Kahn made a European tour. He was interested particularly in the medieval walled city of Carcassonne, France, and the castles of Scotland, rather than any of the strongholds of classicism or modernism.[9] After returning to the United States in 1929, Kahn worked in the offices of Paul Philippe Cret, his former studio critic at the University of Pennsylvania, and then with Zantzinger, Borie and Medary in Philadelphia

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (National Assembly Building) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, is perhaps the most important building designed by Kahn. Kahn got the design contract with the help of Muzharul Islam, one of his students at Yale University, who worked with him on the project. It was Kahn's last project, developed during 1962 to 1974. The Parliament building is the centerpiece of the national capital complex designed by Kahn that includes hostels, dining halls, and a hospital. According to Robert McCarter, author of Louis I. Kahn, "it is one of the twentieth century's greatest architectural monuments, and is without question Kahn's magnum opus.  



 Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut (1951–1953),
 Richards Medical Research Laboratories, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
The Salk Institute, La Jolla, California (1959–1965)
 First Unitarian Church, Rochester, New York (1959–1969),
 Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (National Assembly Building) in Dhaka, Bangladesh (1962–1974)
Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka,
Bangladesh Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, in Ahmedabad, India (1962)
 National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka, Bangladesh (1963)
[ Phillips Exeter Academy Library, Exeter, New Hampshire (1965–1972),
 Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas (1967–1972),
 Hurva Synagogue, Jerusalem, Israel, (1968–1974),
unbuilt Yale Center for British Art, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1969–1974)
 Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park, Roosevelt Island, New York (1972–1974),
construction completed 2012
Personal life

  Death In 1974, Kahn died of a heart attack in a restroom for men at Penn Station in Manhattan.[3] He had just returned from a work trip to India. Owing to police miscommunications in both New York City and Philadelphia, his wife and his office were not notified until two days after his death. After his long career, he was in debt when he died.
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